Friday, 25 March 2011

Week 5 Video Production Session

You tube is a website where people can upload and share videos.  Movie clips, TV clips, music clips, amateur content such as video blogging are uploaded by any individuals. There is a filtering in place and potentially offensive content can be viewed only by registered over 18 years of age and above (Retrieved March, 18, 2011 from .

You tube is place where people can learn and explore new thinks.
With this occasion I would like to use online clips on YouTube that explain Arthritis, the most common disability that affects people after a certain age. In my placement as an occupational therapist student, based in community setting I met many people who suffered from Arthritis. Occupational therapists that are based in a community setting are aiming to assist clients with arthritis by taking in consideration their safety and enhance their independence.

1.    Here is a clip that briefly explains Osteoarthritis and its possible evolution.

    2. The following clip presents a stander bed cane that promotes safety and prevents falls for the elderly. In my placement occupational therapist helped many clients to achieve safety and independence in their home. These were achieved by making available to the client a stander bed cane.  

     3.  Toilet aids and commodes are other type of equipment that promotes safety and comfort to people who experiences difficulties in sitting on and getting off the toilet, due to reduced range of motion and/or pain. In New Zealand people can buy these devices or obtain them through funding.

    4. Stocking aids provides independence to people with arthritis.

    5. Jar opener is a very used device by people with arthritis.

    There are many other devices funded or for sale on the market that can ease peoples life, the ones that suffer from arthritis.

    Culinare one touch jar opener - amazing! (2008),

    Etac-Socky-stocking-aids-ENG.wmv, (2010), Retrieved, March, 22, 2011, from

    Stander Bed Cane, Promote elderly safety, prevent falls (2009), Retrieved, March, 22, 2011, from

    Understanding Arthritis (Arthritis #1) (2008), Retrieved, March, 22, 2011, from
    Video Review: Toilet Aids and Commodes (2010), Retrieved, March, 22, 2011, from

    You Tube, (2011), Retrieved, March, 22, 2011, from

    Saturday, 19 March 2011

    Tutorial 4: Video production session

    My involvement in the first movie production of 30 seconds was achieved by following the instruction given in class. Patrina, Katy, Lisa, Lyn and I were part of the group. We had to choose a letter from the alphabet and send a message to the audience by acting and not using any language.

    We decided to use the letter S and our first hint was created by a letter S on the ground made up by Patrina, Lyn and I.  Lisa and Katy were filming us. We wanted the audience to guess what we were doing. The movie was modified with a movie maker and was enhanced with special effects and music. It was real fun working with the group.

    Wednesday, 2 March 2011

    Tutorial 2: Digital imaging

    A digital image is the illustration of a two-dimensional image with a finite set of digital values that are known as picture elements or pixels. It can be created by a digital camera, scanners, airborne radar, seismographic profiling, coordinate-measuring machines and others,
    Not long ago, only some families owned a camera. Today people have a variety of digital options to capture images. These are video cameras, laptops, handheld camera phones and others. People use technology for different occupational purposes such as work, play, entertainment, personal and other daily activities. Images can be distributed, manipulated and used with a purpose.
    My digital camera is mainly used in the family. It has a lens system and it has a variety of functions such as; low light, iso-speed, self-time, digital and optical 3 x zoom, delete button, red eye, USB port, language, mode (day and night) flash, date & time, blink detection and other functions that I have not discovered yet. It is very easy to use once you are familiar with it. The photos that are taken can be transferred onto the lap top via a USB cable. The computer provides instructions when downloading the images.  Apparently there are some important pieces of information to know when you buy a camera. If you follow this link you can find some useful information
    The video camera that I have is very simple to use as well. However when it comes to transferring movies on the computer or CD disks, I find it very challenging. This camera was gifted and was brought to me from Europe. I am trying to blame the software being different over there to New Zealand. Now I am going to watch some tutorials, which could help me with my video camera that I have locked up in one of my wardrobes for the last two years. If you are interested to see how a tutorial teaches you to use a camera, you can view this link as well
    Another electronic device that I am comfortable using is a cell phone with a built in camera. Most cell phones have this type of set up. By pushing only a button on the camera side, photos are taken. Furthermore, connecting it to the computer via a USB cable, photos can be loaded and printed when I want. Here is a site which offers a wide range of cell phones with built in camera option
    An interesting electronic device that has digital imaging is a cell phone, watch and camera all in one
    Today’s digital camera technology has advantages and disadvantages. An image can be obtained very fast, can be modified easily and stored with a click of few buttons. However, this data can be easily lost if a computer or other devices that store the images are damaged. Software can also be out of date and images are difficult to access.
    Ethical issues can arise, when people use digital images inappropriately. The issues can arise when people’s privacy, ownership or informed consent for recording and distributing of images are not seriously taken in consideration and disturbing images are published in the media, in schools or in day to day life. One example is the paparazzi, who are capturing images that can produce disturbance in some people’s personal life
    There are debates on whether it is ethical or not to use “nanny cameras” as this is believed to be a parent’s right.
    The occupational therapist has to take in consideration the way digital images are used. The client and his/her family have to be comfortable with the context in which images are used. For example, if an OT wants to record the way a client makes a cup of tea, she/he needs to ask for consent. Such a recording can also be uploaded on websites that are intended for the general public.  Therefore to exclude any negative repercussions, ethical issues needs to be considered. Occupational therapists use images in some treatment plans to educate their clients. A good example of a digital image is about the correct technique of ”Retrieving Items while Using a Rolling Walker".
    Panasonic VDR-D50 Video upload tutorial, (2008), Retrieved, March, 18, 2011 from
    Digital Photography 101 with TigerTV Host Logan, (2007), Retrieved, March,18, 2011 from
    Digital image – Definition, (2010), Retrieved, March, 19, 2011 from
    Camera cell phones, (2010), Retrieved, March, 19, 2011 from
    Cell Phone Watch with Camera and Bluetooth, (2008), Retrieved, March, 19, 2011 from
    Use of 'nanny cams' raises issues of ethics, parents' rights, (2005), Retrieved, March, 19, 2011 from

     Retrieving Items while Using a Rolling Walker, (2010) Retrieved, March, 19, 2011 from

    Tuesday, 1 March 2011

    Tutorial 1: Information Technology and Ethical Issues

    Information technology, shortened as IT. It is about anything that relates to computing technology. We live in the "information age" information technology is part of people's everyday life ( Information technology is the communication used with electronics and microelectronics. Examples of these are: laptops, i-pods, cell phone and others. People use technology for different occupational purposes such as work, play, entertainment, personal and other daily activities.   
    Electronic devices are everywhere and can have negative or positive consequences.

    Addiction and aggression can be repercussions of using technologies.  Early age dependence on technology is great. People can get very frustrated when they are deprived from devices. It’s very interesting how parents and children make a big deal when children are going to camp and they are not allowed to take their electronic gadgets (cell phone, I-pods and other).

    On the other hand OT should keep up with the new technology as this is an excellent tool for gathering information on, and communicating with their clients. For example, some clients, who are dependent on others, can use technology for online shopping. Others, who do not belong to a group, can be taught how to use online communities, where they can interact with other people. One example is when an occupational therapists implements images in some treatment situations. This could be a video of the correct technique for "Retrieving Items while Using a Rolling Walker".

    I am personally both frustrated and excited when I am in the possession of a new device. I am comfortable using a cell phone, a lap top, printer, fax and other devices. I feel that by using a variety of devices my family and I can benefit from more things from life because I can finish my work faster, I can pass messages faster, and I can be the same as others. There are times when I am experience difficulties and it is very frustrating; however I do not give up. I just wish that I have more time to allocate to the study of different types of devices, because I am curious to learn new things and I personally think that it can be real fun!

    When using information technology ethical issues and intellectual property needs to be considered as well. Ethical issues can arise, when people use digital images inappropriately. The issues can arise when people’s privacy, ownership or informed consent for recording and distributing of images are not seriously taken in consideration. If you follow this link  you can see people’s opinions about Google map ethical consideration. In the above example, social justice and informed consent are ethical implications that can arise; this is when people can be recognised in photos taken on the street. Another ethical issue is related to intellectual property.

    Intellectual property is the property of someone’s mind or intellect. This can be someone’s good idea, invention, original design or trade mark. In other words this is the representation of someone’s proprietary knowledge . Therefore when someone takes the credit for someone else’s idea, by not referencing the original source, it is considered as stealing.
    Social justice is the equal application of laws following the natural law that all individuals, regardless of differences in ethnicity, gender, possession, religion, race, etc., are to be treated in the same way and without discrimination

    Informed consent is the decision made by a person, received from a lawyer, medical staff, journalist or others, which is based on adequate information and explanation about the material risks of and reasonably available alternatives to the offered service (Retrieved March, 18, 2011 from ).  The history of informed consent is presented in the following clip 


    Informed Consent - History of Informed Consent, (2008). Retrieved March, 18, 2011 from

    Informed Consent Law & Legal Definition, (2011), Retrieved March, 18, 2011 from

    IT (Information Technology), (2006). Retrieved March, 18, 2011 from

    Retrieving Items while Using a Rolling Walker, (2010). Retrieved March, 18, 2011 from

    Social Justice (2011), Retrieved March, 18, 2011 from

    Verdnock, M & Ryan, S. (2008). Mainstream technology as an occupational therapy tool: technophobe or technogeek? British Journal of Occupational Therapy. 71(6). p253-256

    What is Intelectual property? (2011), Retrieved March, 18, 2011 from